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Marcion's Galatians

This is a modern rendition of Galatians Chapter 2.

Galatians Chapter 2

1 Then after fourteen years I again went up to Jerusalem with Barnabas, taking Titus along also.

2 I went up in accord with a revelation, and I presented to them the gospel that I preach to the Gentiles - but privately to those of repute - so that I might not be running, or have run, in vain.

3 Moreover, not even Titus, who was with me, although he was a Greek, was compelled to be circumcised,

4 but because of the false brothers secretly brought in, who slipped in to spy on our freedom that we have in Christ Jesus, that they might enslave us -

5 to them we did not submit even for a moment, so that the truth of the gospel might remain intact for you.

6 But from those who were reputed to be important (what they once were makes no difference to me; God shows no partiality) - those of repute made me add nothing.

7 On the contrary, when they saw that I had been entrusted with the gospel to the uncircumcised, just as Peter to the circumcised.

8 for the one who worked in Peter for an apostolate to the circumcised worked also in me for the Gentiles,

9 and when they recognized the grace bestowed upon me, James and Cephas and John, who were reputed to be pillars, gave me and Barnabas their right hands in partnership, that we should go to the Gentiles and they to the circumcised.

10 Only, we were to be mindful of the poor, which is the very thing I was eager to do.

There is much to be learned by comparing ancient texts. Let us also consider Novum Testamentum Graece et Latine, Editrice Pontificio Instituto Biblico Roma 1992 and the Bible of Marcion of Sinope AD 140.

Novum Testamentum Graece et Latine

Marcion's Galatians Chapter 2

2:1 Then fourteen years after I went up to Jerusalem, and took Titus with me also.

2:2 And I went up by revelation, and communicated unto them that gospel which I preach among the Gentiles.

2:3 But neither Titus, who was with me, being a Greek, was compelled to be circumcised:

2:4 However because of false brethren unawares brought in, who came in privily to spy out our liberty which we have in Chrestos Isu, that they might bring us into bondage:

2:5 To whom we gave place by subjection, no, not for an hour; that the truth of the gospel might continue with you.

2:6 But of these who seemed to be somewhat, (whatsoever they were, it maketh no matter to me: God accepteth no man's person:) for they who seemed to be somewhat in conference added nothing to me:

2:7 But contrariwise, when they saw that the gospel was committed unto me;

2:9 And when James, Cephas, and John, who seemed to be pillars, perceived the grace that was given unto me, they gave to me the right hands of fellowship; that I should go unto the heathen, and they unto the circumcision.

2:11 But when Cephas was come to Antioch, I withstood him to the face, because he was to be blamed.

2:12 For before he came, he did eat with the Gentiles: but when he were come, he withdrew and separated himself, fearing them which were of the circumcision.

2:13 And the other Jews dissembled likewise with him; insomuch that Barnabas also was carried away with their dissimulation.

2:14 But when I saw that they walked not uprightly according to the truth of the gospel, I said unto Cephas before them all, If thou, being a Jew, livest after the manner of Gentiles, and not as do the Jews, why compellest thou the Gentiles to live as do the Jews?

2.16 If you live by the law, God would have rebuilt what he had previously torn down, and so would have been found out to be transgressing the law.

2:18 For if I build again the things which I destroyed, I make myself a transgressor.

2:19 For I through the law am dead to the law, that I might live unto God.

2:20 I am crucified with Chrestos: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Chrestos liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who delivered me from the God of the Law, and gave himself for me.

2:21 I do not frustrate the grace: for if righteousness come by the law, then Chrestos is dead in vain.

Discussion

What can be seen by comparing Marcion's Galatians, modern Galatians and the 5th Century Latin Greek New Testament I bought from the Vatican for $100 is as follows:

The modern version is like this:

On the contrary, when they saw that I had been entrusted with the gospel to the uncircumcised, just as Peter to the circumcised for the one who worked in Peter for an apostolate to the circumcised worked also in me for the Gentiles, and when they recognized the grace bestowed upon me, James and Cephas and John, who were reputed to be pillars, gave me and Barnabas their right hands in partnership, that we should go to the Gentiles and they to the circumcised.

Marcion reads like this:

But contrariwise, when they saw that the gospel was committed unto me; And when James, Cephas, and John, who seemed to be pillars, perceived the grace that was given unto me, they gave to me the right hands of fellowship; that I should go unto the heathen, and they unto the circumcision.

Did Marcion use the Razor or did Constantine Interpolate?

Comparison of Marcion's text with the modern text shows that the modern Bible has this extra bit:

to the uncircumcised, just as Peter to the circumcised for the one who worked in Peter for an apostolate to the circumcised worked also in me for the Gentiles, and when they recognized the grace bestowed upon me.

Conclusion

Examination of the above images shows that the extra part is also the only place where Peter is used in the 5th Century text. Elsewhere Cephas is used. That suggests that this section was added later by a different author. This is excellent evidence to support that Marcion's text was indeed the original.

Frank Reitzenstein

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